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Dyslexia and Mathematics
I just read a book on this topic. It verifies much of what we already know and gives some insight in how to work with these students.
- Any task which calls for the processing of symbolic material at speed is likely to cause these students difficulty.
- Dyslexic students have great problems with the memorization of facts, particularly multiplication facts.
- If facts are taught and learned as separate facts, without patterns and inter-relationships, then the task is huge.
- Dyslexics have difficulty with language, so if math is taught through that medium (lecture--where students are told what to do and expected to remember verbal instructions), they will find this hard.
- Dyslexics do much better with a multi-sensory approach. This means they need manipulatives (no matter what math course or age of student) and strengthen the language they need to work with concepts.
- The principal of doing first and then notating after is very important for these students.
- Use of Base-10 blocks and Cuisenaire rods are of great help to these students.